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The Plan (updated January 28, 2006)

  • Low-level benchmarks are netpipe (TCP) and pacgen (UDP). High level benchmark is MrBayes. Define run parameters for each set. Setup scripts for PBS/Maui to run defined sets. Run on cairo only.
  • Formal literature search and review. Use/add to the keywords in llk/poster/abstract.tex. Places to look:
    • Beowulf archives
    • ACM
    • IEEE
    • Citeseer
    • Google Scholar
    • tp_timer
    • NIST
  • Test tcp_low_latency - does it work? If so, what does it do _exactly_
  • Show that latency is in the network stack, either by reference or by test (preferrably the former since it will take less time).


  • BibTeX references are in /cluster/project/llk/llk.bib
  • Comparisons & Instrumentation
  • Low Latency Kernel Option
    • net.ipv4.tcp_low_latency sysctl
      • /proc/sys/net/ipv4/tcp_low_latency
    • From /usr/src/linux/Documentation/networking/ip-sysctl.txt
       tcp_low_latency - BOOLEAN
       If set, the TCP stack makes decisions that prefer lower
       latency as opposed to higher throughput.  By default, this
       option is not set meaning that higher throughput is preferred.
       An example of an application where this default should be
       changed would be a Beowulf compute cluster.
       Default: 0


  • Reduce error checking to improve performance
  • Reduce number of memory copies, maybe by not being fully TCP/IP-compliant?
  • Look into STP (scheduled transfer protocol)
  • Check out the TCP_NODELAY sockopt:
 if(setsockopt(sockfd, proto->p_proto, TCP_NODELAY, &one, sizeof(one)) < 0)
   printf("NetPIPE: setsockopt: TCP_NODELAY failed! errno=%d\n", errno);