Difference between revisions of "Getting started on clusters"

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(Created page with "= Prerequisites = # Get a cluster account. You can email admin at cs dot earlham dot edu or a current CS faculty member to get started. Your user account will grant access t...")
 
(Cluster systems to choose from)
 
(23 intermediate revisions by 3 users not shown)
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 +
This document presumes zero prior knowledge of cluster computing. If instead you're an intermediate user (e.g. you have an account and have run a few jobs before but need a reminder) the table of contents is your friend.
 +
 +
 +
This document gives you all the information you need to choose a system, log in to a cluster/phat node, write a script, submit it via sbatch to the scheduler, and find the output. As such, these notes cover hardware and software. (If you're a sysadmin, you may be interested in [[Sysadmin:Services:ClusterOverview |this page]] instead.)
 +
 +
__TOC__
 +
 
= Prerequisites =  
 
= Prerequisites =  
  
 
# Get a cluster account. You can email admin at cs dot earlham dot edu or a current CS faculty member to get started. Your user account will grant access to all the servers below, and you will have a home directory at <code>~username</code> that you can access when you connect to any of them.
 
# Get a cluster account. You can email admin at cs dot earlham dot edu or a current CS faculty member to get started. Your user account will grant access to all the servers below, and you will have a home directory at <code>~username</code> that you can access when you connect to any of them.
 +
## Note: if you have a CS account, you will use the same username and password for your cluster account.
 
# Connect through a terminal via ssh to <code>username@hopper.cluster.earlham.edu</code>. If you intend to work with these machines a lot, you should also configure your [[How To Set Up SSH Keys | ssh keys]].
 
# Connect through a terminal via ssh to <code>username@hopper.cluster.earlham.edu</code>. If you intend to work with these machines a lot, you should also configure your [[How To Set Up SSH Keys | ssh keys]].
  
 
= Cluster systems to choose from =  
 
= Cluster systems to choose from =  
  
The cluster dot earlham dot edu domain consists of clusters (a collection of physical servers linked through a switch to perform high-performance computing tasks with distributed memory) and jumbo servers (previously "phat nodes"; a system comprising one physical server with a high ratio of disk+RAM to CPU, good for jobs demanding shared memory).
+
The cluster dot earlham dot edu domain consists of clusters (a collection of physical servers linked through a switch to perform high-performance computing tasks with distributed memory) and jumbo servers (nee "phat nodes"; a system comprising one physical server with a high ratio of disk+RAM to CPU, good for jobs demanding shared memory).
  
 
Our current machines are:
 
Our current machines are:
 +
* hamilton: newest cluster; 5 compute nodes, 256GB RAM per node; features most CPU cores per node and highest clock speed.
 +
* whedon: 7 compute nodes; 256GB of RAM per node.
 +
* layout: cluster; 4 compute nodes, pre-whedon, features NVIDIA GPGPU's and multiple CUDA options.
 +
* lovelace: newest jumbo server.
 +
* pollock: jumbo server, older than lovelace but well-tested and featuring the most available disk space.
  
* whedon: newest cluster; 8 compute nodes
+
To get to, e.g., whedon, from hopper, run <code>ssh whedon</code>.
* layout: older cluster; 4 compute nodes, features NVIDIA GPGPU's and multiple CUDA options
 
* lovelace: newest jumbo server
 
* pollock: jumbo server, older than lovelace but well-tested and featuring the most available disk space
 
  
To get to, e.g., whedon, from hopper, run <code>ssh whedon</code>.
+
If you're still not sure, [[Choosing a computing resource|click here for more detailed notes]].
  
= Cluster software notes =
+
= Cluster software bundle =
  
 
The cluster dot earlham dot edu servers all run a supported CentOS version.
 
The cluster dot earlham dot edu servers all run a supported CentOS version.
Line 23: Line 33:
 
All these servers (unless otherwise noted) also feature the following software:
 
All these servers (unless otherwise noted) also feature the following software:
  
* Torque (scheduler): submit a job with <code>qsub jobname.qsub</code>, delete it with <code>qdel jobID</code>. [[Torque|Docs here]].
+
* Slurm (scheduler): submit a job with <code>sbatch jobname.sbatch</code>, delete it with <code>scancel jobID</code>. Running a job has its own doc section below.
* Environment modules: run <code>module avail</code> to see available software modules and <code>module load modulename</code> to load one; you may load modules in bash scripts and qsub jobs as well.
+
* Environment modules: run <code>module avail</code> to see available software modules and <code>module load modulename</code> to load one; you may load modules in bash scripts and sbatch jobs as well.
  
 
The default shell on all these servers is bash.
 
The default shell on all these servers is bash.
  
The default Python version on all these servers is Python 2.x, but all have at least one Python 3 module with a collection of available scientific computing libraries.
+
The default Python version on all these servers is Python 2.x, but all have at least one Python 3 module with a collection of widely-used scientific computing libraries.
 +
 
 +
= Using Slurm =
 +
 
 +
Slurm is our batch scheduler.
 +
 
 +
You can check that it's working by running: <code>srun -l hostname</code>
 +
 
 +
You can submit a job in a script with the following: <code>sbatch my_good_script.sbatch</code>
 +
 
 +
Here's an example of a batch file, note that the time parameter may be too short for "real" runs:
 +
<pre>
 +
#!/bin/sh
 +
#SBATCH --time=20
 +
#SBATCH --job-name hello-world
 +
#SBATCH --nodes=1
 +
#SBATCH -c 1 # ask for one core
 +
#SBATCH --mail-type=BEGIN,END,FAIL
 +
#SBATCH --mail-user=excellent_email_user@earlham.edu
 +
 
 +
echo "queue/partition is `echo $SLURM_JOB_PARTITION`"
 +
echo "running on `echo $SLURM_JOB_NODELIST`"
 +
echo "work directory is `echo $SLURM_SUBMIT_DIR`"
 +
 
 +
srun -l /bin/hostname
 +
srun sleep 10          # Replace this sleep command with your command line.
 +
srun -l /bin/pwd
 +
 
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
Interactive and command line interfaces also exist. After submitting a job slurm captures anything written to stdout and stderr by the programs and when the job completes puts it in a file called slurm-nnn.out (where nnn is the job number) in the directory where you ran sbatch. Use more to view it when you are looking for error messages, output file locations, etc.
 +
 
 +
If you are used to using <code>qpeek</code>, you can instead just run <code>tail -f jobXYZ.out</code> or <code>tail -f jobXYZ.err</code>.
 +
 
 +
There's some more CPU management information [https://slurm.schedmd.com/cpu_management.html here].
 +
 
 +
== Conversion from Torque to Slurm ==
 +
 
 +
To submit a job to Slurm, you'll need to write a shell script wrapper and submit it through sbatch on your system of choice. For people familiar with pbs the pattern is very similar. For example (change the specific options):
 +
 
 +
 
 +
{| class="wikitable"
 +
|+ Commands
 +
|-
 +
! Torque
 +
! Slurm
 +
! Description
 +
|-
 +
| <code>qsub</code>
 +
| <code>sbatch</code>
 +
| run/submit a batch job
 +
|-
 +
| <code>qstat</code>
 +
| <code>squeue</code>
 +
| show jobs currently in the queue
 +
|-
 +
| <code>qdel</code>
 +
| <code>scancel</code>
 +
| cancel a job
 +
|-
 +
| <code>pbsnodes -a</code>
 +
| <code>scontrol show nodes</code>
 +
| show nodes in the cluster
 +
|-
 +
| <code>qstat ...</code>
 +
| <code>scontrol update NodeName=w[0-6] State=RESUME</code>
 +
| resurrect nodes that are offline
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
{| class="wikitable"
 +
|+ Environment Variables
 +
|-
 +
! Torque
 +
! Slurm
 +
! Description
 +
|-
 +
| <code>$PBS_QUEUE</code>
 +
| <code>$SLURM_JOB_PARTITION</code>
 +
| the queue/partition you are in
 +
|-
 +
| <code>cat $PBS_NODEFILE</code>
 +
| <code>$SLURM_JOB_NODELIST</code>
 +
| there's no equivalent of the nodes file but there is an environment variable that stores that information
 +
|-
 +
| <code>$PBS_O_WORKDIR</code>
 +
| <code>$SLURM_SUBMIT_DIR</code>
 +
| working directory from which the command was run
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
Example scripts
 +
<pre>
 +
#!/usr/bin/bash
 +
 
 +
#SBATCH --job-name hello-world
 +
#SBATCH --nodes=5
 +
#SBATCH --mail-type=BEGIN,END,FAIL
 +
#SBATCH --mail-user=excellent_email_user@earlham.edu
 +
 
 +
echo "queue is `echo $SLURM_JOB_PARTITION`"
 +
echo "running on `echo $SLURM_JOB_NODELIST`"
 +
echo "work directory is `echo $SLURM_SUBMIT_DIR`"
 +
 
 +
srun -l echo "hello world!"
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
If your motivation is to run ODM inside a Docker container than this pattern should work on pollock and lovelace. Note that the log file is not created (interaction between nohup and slurm) but you can use/save the slurm-###.out file which has the same information in it.
 +
 
 +
Normally you preface each command in a slurm file with srun (slurm-run), with Docker/ODM this appears to make things go pear-shaped.
 +
<pre>
 +
#!/bin/sh
 +
#SBATCH --job-name stod-slurm-test-2D-lowest
 +
#SBATCH --nodes=1
 +
#SBATCH -c 4 # ask for four cores
 +
#SBATCH --mail-type=BEGIN,END,FAIL
 +
#SBATCH --mail-user=charliep@cs.earlham.edu
 +
 
 +
echo "queue/partition is `echo $SLURM_JOB_PARTITION`"
 +
echo "running on `echo $SLURM_JOB_NODELIST`"
 +
echo "work directory is `echo $SLURM_SUBMIT_DIR`"
 +
 
 +
sudo rm -rf 2D-lowest-f1
 +
sudo rm -rf tmp
 +
 
 +
nohup ~/gitlab-current/images/drone_image_tools/assemble-odm.sh -r lowest -i images -d 2 -e charliep@cs.earlham.edu &
 +
wait
 +
 
 +
exit 0
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
= About qsub =
 +
 
 +
Before Slurm we used Torque and its associated software, including qsub. This is now deprecated and should not be used on the Earlham CS cluster systems.

Latest revision as of 15:08, 4 May 2022

This document presumes zero prior knowledge of cluster computing. If instead you're an intermediate user (e.g. you have an account and have run a few jobs before but need a reminder) the table of contents is your friend.


This document gives you all the information you need to choose a system, log in to a cluster/phat node, write a script, submit it via sbatch to the scheduler, and find the output. As such, these notes cover hardware and software. (If you're a sysadmin, you may be interested in this page instead.)

Prerequisites

  1. Get a cluster account. You can email admin at cs dot earlham dot edu or a current CS faculty member to get started. Your user account will grant access to all the servers below, and you will have a home directory at ~username that you can access when you connect to any of them.
    1. Note: if you have a CS account, you will use the same username and password for your cluster account.
  2. Connect through a terminal via ssh to username@hopper.cluster.earlham.edu. If you intend to work with these machines a lot, you should also configure your ssh keys.

Cluster systems to choose from

The cluster dot earlham dot edu domain consists of clusters (a collection of physical servers linked through a switch to perform high-performance computing tasks with distributed memory) and jumbo servers (nee "phat nodes"; a system comprising one physical server with a high ratio of disk+RAM to CPU, good for jobs demanding shared memory).

Our current machines are:

  • hamilton: newest cluster; 5 compute nodes, 256GB RAM per node; features most CPU cores per node and highest clock speed.
  • whedon: 7 compute nodes; 256GB of RAM per node.
  • layout: cluster; 4 compute nodes, pre-whedon, features NVIDIA GPGPU's and multiple CUDA options.
  • lovelace: newest jumbo server.
  • pollock: jumbo server, older than lovelace but well-tested and featuring the most available disk space.

To get to, e.g., whedon, from hopper, run ssh whedon.

If you're still not sure, click here for more detailed notes.

Cluster software bundle

The cluster dot earlham dot edu servers all run a supported CentOS version.

All these servers (unless otherwise noted) also feature the following software:

  • Slurm (scheduler): submit a job with sbatch jobname.sbatch, delete it with scancel jobID. Running a job has its own doc section below.
  • Environment modules: run module avail to see available software modules and module load modulename to load one; you may load modules in bash scripts and sbatch jobs as well.

The default shell on all these servers is bash.

The default Python version on all these servers is Python 2.x, but all have at least one Python 3 module with a collection of widely-used scientific computing libraries.

Using Slurm

Slurm is our batch scheduler.

You can check that it's working by running: srun -l hostname

You can submit a job in a script with the following: sbatch my_good_script.sbatch

Here's an example of a batch file, note that the time parameter may be too short for "real" runs:

#!/bin/sh
#SBATCH --time=20
#SBATCH --job-name hello-world
#SBATCH --nodes=1 
#SBATCH -c 1 # ask for one core
#SBATCH --mail-type=BEGIN,END,FAIL 
#SBATCH --mail-user=excellent_email_user@earlham.edu

echo "queue/partition is `echo $SLURM_JOB_PARTITION`"
echo "running on `echo $SLURM_JOB_NODELIST`"
echo "work directory is `echo $SLURM_SUBMIT_DIR`"

srun -l /bin/hostname
srun sleep 10           # Replace this sleep command with your command line. 
srun -l /bin/pwd

Interactive and command line interfaces also exist. After submitting a job slurm captures anything written to stdout and stderr by the programs and when the job completes puts it in a file called slurm-nnn.out (where nnn is the job number) in the directory where you ran sbatch. Use more to view it when you are looking for error messages, output file locations, etc.

If you are used to using qpeek, you can instead just run tail -f jobXYZ.out or tail -f jobXYZ.err.

There's some more CPU management information here.

Conversion from Torque to Slurm

To submit a job to Slurm, you'll need to write a shell script wrapper and submit it through sbatch on your system of choice. For people familiar with pbs the pattern is very similar. For example (change the specific options):


Commands
Torque Slurm Description
qsub sbatch run/submit a batch job
qstat squeue show jobs currently in the queue
qdel scancel cancel a job
pbsnodes -a scontrol show nodes show nodes in the cluster
qstat ... scontrol update NodeName=w[0-6] State=RESUME resurrect nodes that are offline
Environment Variables
Torque Slurm Description
$PBS_QUEUE $SLURM_JOB_PARTITION the queue/partition you are in
cat $PBS_NODEFILE $SLURM_JOB_NODELIST there's no equivalent of the nodes file but there is an environment variable that stores that information
$PBS_O_WORKDIR $SLURM_SUBMIT_DIR working directory from which the command was run

Example scripts

#!/usr/bin/bash

#SBATCH --job-name hello-world
#SBATCH --nodes=5
#SBATCH --mail-type=BEGIN,END,FAIL 
#SBATCH --mail-user=excellent_email_user@earlham.edu

echo "queue is `echo $SLURM_JOB_PARTITION`"
echo "running on `echo $SLURM_JOB_NODELIST`"
echo "work directory is `echo $SLURM_SUBMIT_DIR`"

srun -l echo "hello world!"

If your motivation is to run ODM inside a Docker container than this pattern should work on pollock and lovelace. Note that the log file is not created (interaction between nohup and slurm) but you can use/save the slurm-###.out file which has the same information in it.

Normally you preface each command in a slurm file with srun (slurm-run), with Docker/ODM this appears to make things go pear-shaped.

#!/bin/sh
#SBATCH --job-name stod-slurm-test-2D-lowest
#SBATCH --nodes=1 
#SBATCH -c 4 # ask for four cores
#SBATCH --mail-type=BEGIN,END,FAIL 
#SBATCH --mail-user=charliep@cs.earlham.edu

echo "queue/partition is `echo $SLURM_JOB_PARTITION`"
echo "running on `echo $SLURM_JOB_NODELIST`"
echo "work directory is `echo $SLURM_SUBMIT_DIR`"

sudo rm -rf 2D-lowest-f1
sudo rm -rf tmp

nohup ~/gitlab-current/images/drone_image_tools/assemble-odm.sh -r lowest -i images -d 2 -e charliep@cs.earlham.edu &
wait

exit 0

About qsub

Before Slurm we used Torque and its associated software, including qsub. This is now deprecated and should not be used on the Earlham CS cluster systems.