From Earlham CS Department
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The Galileo is a fusion of a Linux PC running Intel's architecture and an Arduino. The purpose is to provide the benefits of a pc (connectivity, power, storage, ports) with the benefits of an Arduino (an open-platform hardware interface.)

This page specifically discusses the Galileo. Anything Arduino-specific should get relegated to here.




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Design Philosophy

  • Test after every change. Seriously, this saves a lot of time.
  • When success has been reached, repeat it: do it again.
  • When success has been repeated, replicate it: have others do it.

Troubleshooting Checklist

  1. Are you using Galileo's Arduino ide?
  2. Are you using the correct pin numbers? Is it using analog or digital?
  3. Are the pin modes set correctly??
  4. On the breadboard are the ground and power connected correctly?
  5. Do you have pin terminators on all power columns being used?
  6. If too many sensors are connected, you might run out of power. Try reducing the number of sensors.
  7. When researching sensors / project feasibility talk to scientists.
  8. Research if your sensor needs a resistor and what strength the resistor must be. (330m or 10k)
  9. If nothing else works, try a different piece of hardware.
    • This includes cables / breadboards / sensors / Galileo's.
  10. If you're still having trouble, ask a TA.

Info Dump

IoTkit handles ethernet transactions. It connects to a host and sends a packet with [string, val] where val is the value you wish to send. You can save information locally and push it to a server later. A watch battery can be used to preserve machine state between power-on's. [validate]

There are no packages installed on Intel's Linux distro.

There's an interface for C++ that lets you access the Arduino.

Always connect the power first.

When flashing the firmware, YOU MUST HAVE THE POWER CONNECTED. Otherwise you risk bricking the board.

There are example sketches for every sensor included in Intel's sensor kit. Where? Good question.

Costs $60+ as of 2/5/14. Purchase is currently cheapest at [Micro Center] and [Amazon].


[Installation Guide]

[Technical Overview of Galileo] (written by Arduino)

[Release Notes] (supported software/hardware and bugs)

[Intel Maker forums] (forum for Galileo)


[Software Packages]



You're impossible to please. Read the documentation from [Intel] or [Sparkfun] instead.


These are notes and observations after research.


  • occur due to movement in tectonic plates
  • only seconds of notice, 5-10 seconds
  • [p waves] are much faster than [s waves] and the actual waves that cause the earthquake.
    • earthquakes travel at about the same speed as data networks
  • can be measured by motion (on surface or underground) and pressure (underground)
    • downside of underground monitoring is 1) power and 2) transmission
      • can use repeaters or solar power to solve these issues
    • advantage of being underground is distance from noise (such as animals and humans) and being closer to the source of the earthquake
    • being attached to or submersed in denser materials is good (?)



[wave types]


  • in the deep sea pressure sensors are used to measure the relatively small sea-level change (in centimeters)
  • nearer to shore, where waves start to form, altitude could be measured by buoy
  • travel at hundreds of miles per hour
  • tsunami headquarters in Hawaii
  • notification could be minutes to hours in advance depending on distance from source of tsunami
  • height/speed of wave reduces with distance


XYZ + tilt using arrays, v0.24

// having trouble using an array of char arrays

// include directives // #include <string> //#include <Ethernet.h> //#include <IoTkit.h>

  1. include <sstream>
  2. include <string>

using namespace std;

// pin declarations const int pin_temp = A0; const int pin_magnet = 4;

// delay on loop const int delay_time = 100;

// output separators char csv[] = ", "; char columns[] = " | ";

// sensors float temp; int magnet; int magnet_digital; int flame;

// xyz sensors const int size = 3; int pin[] = {0, 1, 2}; boolean val[size]; boolean last[size]; boolean change[size];

//IoTkit iotkit;

// intializing pin modes void setup() {

 //iotkit.registerMetric("x", "string", "X Change");
 pinMode(pin_temp, INPUT);
 //pinMode(pin_magnet, INPUT);
 for(int i = 0; i < size; i++) {
   pinMode(pin[i], INPUT);


void loop() {

 setArray(change, size, false);
 output(change, size, csv);


void readFlame() {

 //flame = analogRead(pin_flame);
 //float f = flame * (5.0 / 1023.0);
 //output("F ", f);


void readTemp() {

 temp = analogRead(pin_temp);
 temp = (temp * 500) / 1024.0;
 temp = ((temp*9)/5) + 32;
 temp = temp / 10.0;
 //output("T ", temp);


void readMagnet() {

 magnet = analogRead(pin_magnet);
 //magnet -= 460;
 //output("M ", magnet);


void readAxes() {

 for(int i = 0; i < size; i++) {
   val[i] = digitalRead(pin[i]);
   //change[i] = val[i];
   if(val[i] != last[i]) {
     change[i] = true;
     last[i] = val[i];


void setArray(boolean arr[], int size, boolean val) {

 for(int i = 0; i < size; i++) {
   arr[i] = val;


string blank = " "; void output(boolean arr[], int size, char sep[]) {

 stringstream os; // output stream;
 for(int i = 0; i < size; i++) {
     os << "change";
     os << "      ";
   //if(i != size - 1)
     os << sep;
 os << temp;
 stringstream oc; // output command
 oc << "printf \"" << os.str().c_str() << "\\n\" >> output.dat";
 //oc << "printf " << os.str().c_str() << " >> output.dat \n";


void outputIOTkit() {

 //iotkit.send("x", change[0]);


Accelerometer, v0.1

Available in the google drive.


  • 400mhz cpu
  • 256mb ram
  • max of 32gb micro sd
  • 10/100 ethernet
  • PCI Express mini-card with up to PCIe 2.0
  • USB host and client
  • 5v/3.3v power
  • same Arduino pin layout